Terminal Access

Requirements

Before being able to log in to the cluster you will need access to a command terminal,

Linux/MacOS

On MacOS or Linux you will already have a terminal installed, simply search "terminal".
Congratulations! You are ready to move to the next step.

Windows

As Windows is not a "Unix-Like" operating system, getting access to a functional terminal requires a few additional steps. There are a few different options, listed in order of preference.

MobaXterm

In addition to being a terminal emulator, MobaXterm also includes several useful features like multiplexing, X-11 forwarding and a file transfer GUI.

MobaXterm can be downloaded from here. The portable edition will allow you to use MobaXterm without needing root privileges, however it introduces several bugs so we highly recommend using the installer edition if possible.

Recommended setup for MobaXterm will be elaborated on later, but for now simply click "Start Local Terminal".

Using a Virtual Machine

In order to avoid the problems of using a Windows environment, it may be advisable to install a Linux Virtual machine. This may be advantageous in other ways as many elements of scientific computing require a Linux environment, also it can provide a more user friendly place to become familiar with command line use.

There are multiple free options when it comes to VM software, we recommend Oracle Virtualbox

Further instructions on how to set up a virtual machine can be found here.

Once you have a working VM you may continue following the instructions as given for Linux/MacOS.

Git Bash

If you are using Git for version control you may already have Git Bash installed, if not it can be downloaded here.

Git Bash is perfectly adequate for testing your login or setting up your password, but lacks many of the features of MobaXterm or a native Unix-Like terminal therefor we do-not recommend it as your primary terminal.

Windows PowerShell

All Windows computers have PowerShell installed, however it will only be useful to us if Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) is also enabled. You can check this by typing "" into a PowerShell terminal. WSL is enabled by default on all new versions of Windows 10. However if you do-not have WSL, you may enable it by:

  • Searching for "Turn Windows features on or off" and open.
  • Scroll down and tick "Windows Subsystem for Linux".

Similar to Git Bash, PowerShell is perfectly adequate for testing your login or setting up your password, but lacks many of the features of MobaXterm or a native Unix-Like terminal therefor we do-not recommend it as your primary terminal.

 

What next?

Labels: terminal mobaxterm gitbash login
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